VAT OBLIGATIONS IN CYPRUS
How is the tax period determined in Cyprus?
Three-month period (standard tax period)
Your company has to report its VAT position by filing a "Tax Declaration" (Form VAT 4) usually on a quarterly basis (standard tax period). However, monthly reporting period can be allowed or imposed by Cypriot VAT authorities.
VAT returns usually cover three months. They are submitted depending on the category (economic activity group) to which each taxpayer belongs. There are three categories: Category A (taxpayers who submit tax returns for the following periods: 1/01-31/03, 1/04-30/06, 1/07-30/09 and 1/10-31/12 of each year), Category B (taxpayers who submit tax returns for the following periods: 1/02-30/04, 1/05-31/07, 1/08-31/10 and 1/11-31/01 of each year) and Category C (taxpayers who submit tax returns for the following periods: 1/03-31/05, 1/06-31/08,1/09-30/11 and 1/12-28/02 or 29/02 of each year]).
When should periodical VAT return be filed?
Periodical VAT returns must be filed to Cypriot VAT authorities before the 10th day of the second month (10 of N+2) following the tax period [month/quarter] to which it relates (=> 40 days). If the VAT return is not submitted on time, Cypriot VAT authorities will impose a penalty of € 100.
The tax period shall be set by each Member State at one month, two months or three months. Member States may, however, set different tax periods provided those ones do not exceed one year. The VAT return shall be submitted by a deadline to be determined by Member States. That deadline may not be more than two months after the end of each tax period.
Is this requirement laid down in the country and what is the filing deadline?
Your company is not required to file any summarizing annual VAT return in Cyprus.
Member State may require taxable persons to submit a return in respect to all transactions carried out in the preceding year. That return shall provide all the information necessary for any adjustments.
Are quarterly filings allowed by the country and what is the filing deadline?
The recapitulative Statement [ESL] must be drawn up for each calendar month. ESL should be filed by electronic means to Cypriot VAT authorities by the 15th day of the month after the end of the reporting period [month]. Filing the Statement on a quarterly basis is not possible in Cyprus.
The recapitulative statement shall be drawn up for each calendar month. However, Member States, in accordance with the conditions and limits which they may lay down, may allow taxable persons to submit the recapitulative statement on each calendar quarter where the total quarterly amount of intra-EU supplies of goods does not exceed either in respect of the quarter concerned or of any of the previous four quarters the sum of € 50.000 or its equivalent in national currency. The recapitulative statement shall be submitted within a period not exceeding one month.
What is the payment deadline?
The VAT due should be paid by the filing deadline for the VAT return [10th day of the month following the end of each tax period - 40 days].
Are interim payments required?
Interim payments are not required.
Any taxable person liable for the payment of the VAT must pay the net amount of the VAT when submitting the VAT return. Member States may, however, set a different date for payment of that amount. Member States may require interim payment to be made.
Is any VAT credit automatically carried forward or refunded?
A VAT credit is in principle automatically carried forward to the next tax period, unless a tax refund has been applied for. VAT credits are refunded quarterly provided the conditions regarding the amount of the VAT credit and the filing date of the VAT return have been met. VAT credit can be refunded monthly through special authorization given by Cypriot VAT authorities.
Where, for a given tax period, the amount of deductions exceeds the amount of VAT due, the Member States may, in accordance with conditions which they shall determine, either make a refund or carry the excess forward to the following period. However, Member States may refuse to refund or carry forward if the amount of excess is insignificant.